Visualizations → Stacked Column

About a Stacked Column Visualization

A stacked column visualization allows you to group data in columns and display multiple categories within a single column. A stacked column visualization is ideal for plotting data with a part-to-whole relationship. The length of a column indicates the sum of attribute values while the segments of the column show how each attribute value contributes to the total.

With three possible dimensions, a stacked column visualization offers a dashboard developer the ability to create an insight presenting multiple attributes of data on a dashboard tab that shows

  • a grouping dimension as the labels along the x-axis (horizontal axis)
  • a coloring dimension as colored bands in vertical columns that represent slicing of the total
  • a measure as vertical column lengths with increments along the y-axis (vertical axis)

The distinction between a stacked column visualization and a stacked column insight is that an insight is an instance of the visualization. As an instance, a stacked column insight has unique configurations that a dashboard developer determines for displaying a stacked column chart on a dashboard tab. Insight configurations affect the available user interactions for a dashboard consumer such as the ability to drill down into a grouping dimension and/or coloring dimension.

Configurations for a Stacked Column Insight

A dashboard developer first selects a stacked column visualization for an insight in the Analyzer. Using the Analyzer, a dashboard developer configures pill properties, filter properties, and insight settings. Insight settings and pill properties determine not only how the stacked column chart appears as an insight in a dashboard tab, but also how a dashboard consumer can interact with the stacked column chart.

The visualization selection in the Insight panel of the Analyzer determines the available trays. From the Data panel, a dashboard developer adds a column or a formula to a tray. A column or a formula in a tray is a Pill.

Each pill has configurable properties. The parent tray determines the available properties of a pill.

The available trays for a stacked column insight are:

  • Grouping Dimension
  • Coloring Dimension
  • Measure
  • Individual Filter
  • Aggregate Filter
Note

A stacked column insight requires at least one measure pill. A coloring dimension tray is not available when there are more than two measure pills.

Grouping Dimension

From the Data panel, you can add a column or a formula to the Grouping Dimension tray. The stacked column insight plots the first pill in the Grouping Dimension tray on the x-axis. Each pill in the Grouping Dimension tray is a filterable stacked column for the insight. The pill ordering in the grouping dimension tray defines the following:

  • The first pill is the initial grouping dimension
  • The other pills define an order of user interactions that allow a dashboard consumer to drill down into the next grouping and/or coloring dimension and in doing so, also create one or more dashboard runtime filters

For example, if you add two attributes to the Grouping Dimension tray, you can filter by one year, drill down to quarters of this year.

Coloring Dimension

The Coloring Dimension tray is only available when there is only one measure pill.

From the Data panel, you can add a column or a formula to the Coloring Dimension tray. A coloring dimension is a third dimension that colors segments of the vertical columns in the stacked column chart. Each pill in the Coloring Dimension tray is a filterable column for the insight.

A defined coloring dimension introduces a Filter by menu as a user interaction for the stacked column chart. With the Filter by menu, a dashboard consumer selects to filter the dashboard by:

  • a grouping and a coloring dimension
  • a grouping dimension
  • a coloring dimension

The pill ordering in the coloring dimension tray defines the following:

  • The first pill is the initial coloring dimension
  • The other pills define an order of user interactions that allow a dashboard consumer to drill down into the next grouping and/or coloring dimension and in doing so, also create one or more dashboard runtime filters

For example, if you add two attributes in the Coloring Dimension tray such as Category and Product, you can filter one Category, drill down to the products in that category, and view the data.

Measure

To create an aggregation or calculation, you can add a column or a formula from the Data panel to the Measure tray.

A stacked column insight shows the increments for the measure pill on the y-axis. A stacked column insight with two or measure pills does not support the definition of a coloring dimension.

You can select the measure pill to open the Properties panel. In the Properties panel, you can configure various properties such as the Aggregation and Format properties.

Individual Filter

To filter individual rows for the stacked column insight, define an individual filter for the insight. You can add a column or a formula to the Individual Filter tray from the Data panel.

You can select the individual filter pill to open the Filter panel. Using the Filter panel, you can specify the filter operator, one or more filter values, or the filter expression itself with the Formula Builder. You can also disable the individual filter.

To learn more about filter expressions for an individual filter, review Concepts → Individual Filter.

Aggregate Filter

You can define a filter expression that contains an aggregation or calculation using the Aggregate Filter tray.

Note

The Aggregate Filter tray is not available for a stacked column insight with a coloring dimension pill.

To create a filter expression, you can add a column or a formula to the Aggregate Filter tray from the Data panel. You can select the aggregate filter pill to open the Filter panel.

Using the Filter panel, you can specify the aggregation, the filter operator, one or more filter values, or the filter expression itself with the Formula Builder. You can also disable the aggregate filter.

To learn more about filter expressions for an aggregate filter, review Concepts → Aggregate Filter.

Pill properties

The parent tray determines the available properties of a pill. There are various possible configurations for each pill type:

  • Grouping dimension pill properties
  • Coloring dimension pill properties
  • Measure pill properties
  • Individual filter properties for a filter expression
  • Aggregate filter properties for a filter expression

You can edit the properties of a grouping dimension, coloring dimension, or a measure pill with the Properties panel for a stacked column insight.

In order to create a filter expression, you can edit the properties of an individual filter or aggregate filter pill with the Filter panel.

In the case of the Filter property of a measure pill, you can open the Filter panel from the Properties panel in order to create the filter expression.

To open the Properties panel or Filter panel, select the pill arrow.

Grouping dimension pill properties

Here are the properties for the a pill in the grouping dimension tray in a stacked column insight:

Property Control Description
Column fully qualified name label The fully qualified name of the selected column. This property is available only when you edit the properties of a column in the tray.
Formula text box When you select it, it invokes the Formula Builder to create the formula expression you want. This property is available only when you edit the properties of a formula added to the tray.
Data → Column Label text box Enter the label for the grouping dimension column or formula
Data → Date Part drop down list When the selected column is a date or timestamp, select the part of the date used. The options are:
  • Full (default)
  • Year
  • Quarter
  • Month
  • Day
  • Data → Sort By drag and drop Drag and drop the column or formula to sort the stacked columns by
    Format select Select the format of the formula or date stacked column. This option is available only when you edit the pill properties for a date stacked column or a formula
    Format → Date Mask text box Enter a customized date format or select a predefined one to appear in this text box
    Drill Down → Dashboards Drill Down link Select + Add Dashboard to select a dashboard tab t o drill down to when the user selects a grouping dimension value in the insight
    Add Dashboard → Include Runtime Filters toggle Enable this property to pass the applied filter, if any, from one dashboard to another
    Add Dashboard → Search Dashboard text box Enter a search string to filter the dashboard tree. From the results, select a dashboard tab to drill down to.
    Note

    The Plot Bands feature for Grouping Dimension pills is available starting with release 5.0.

    Coloring dimension pill properties

    The parent tray determines the available properties of a pill. Select the arrow to the right of the pill name to open the Properties panel and configure the related properties.

    Here are the properties for the a pill in the coloring dimension tray in a stacked column insight:

    Property Control Description
    Column fully qualified name label The fully qualified name of the selected column. This property is available only when you edit the properties of a column in the tray.
    Formula text box When you select it, it invokes the Formula Builder to create the formula expression you want. This property is available only when you edit the properties of a formula added to the tray.
    Data → Column Label text box Enter the label for the coloring dimension column or formula
    Data → Date Part drop down list When the selected column is a date or timestamp, select the part of the date used. The options are:
  • Full (default)
  • Year
  • Quarter
  • Month
  • Day
  • Data → Sort By drag and drop Drag and drop the column or formula to sort the categories by
    Format → Format Color Palette toggle Enable this property to display the color palette, which allows you to change the color of a category

    Measure pill properties

    The parent tray determines the available properties of a pill. Select the arrow to the right of the pill name to open the Properties panel and configure the related properties.

    Here are the properties for the pills in the measure tray in a stacked column insight:

    Property Control Description
    Column fully qualified name label The fully qualified name of the selected column. This property is available only when you edit the properties of a column in the Measure tray.
    Formula text box When you select it, it invokes the Formula Builder to create the formula expression you want. This property is available only when you edit the properties of a formula added to the Measure tray.
    Data → Column Label text box Enter the label for the measure
    Data → Date Part drop down list When the selected column is a date or timestamp, select the part of the date used. The options are:
  • Full (default)
  • Year
  • Quarter
  • Month
  • Day
  • Data → Aggregation drop down list Select the aggregation option for the measure values. The available options vary. The options are:
  • Average
  • Count
  • Distinct
  • Median
  • Min
  • Max
  • Sum
  • Formula
  • None
  • Data → Scale drop down list Select the chart scale. The options are:
  • None (default)
  • Percent (%)
  • Thousands (K)
  • Millions (M)
  • Data → Running Total toggle Enable this property to display the measure values as a running total
    Data → Filter drag and drop Drag and drop a column or formula to filter the measure
    Format select Select the format of the measure (e.g. Dollar Rounded)
    Format → Decimal Places text box This property appears when you select Decimal, Dollar, Euro, Yen, or Percent as the Format. Enter the number of decimal places to display for the measure value
    Format → Thousands Separator toggle This property appears for all Format options, except No Format. Enable this property to include a comma separator for values of 1000 or greater
    Format → Abbreviate on Hover toggle Enable this property to abbreviate the measure value upon hover
    Format → Color select Select a color for the measure value
    Drill Down → Dashboards Drill down link Select + Add Dashboard to select a dashboard tab to drill down to when the user selects the measure value in the insight
    Add Dashboard → Include Runtime Filters toggle Enable this property to pass a filter from one dashboard to another
    Add Dashboard → Search Dashboard text box Enter a search string to filter the dashboard tree. From the results, select a dashboard tab to drill down to.
    Advanced → Base Field drag and drop Drag and drop the column to join two tables that are not directly joined.
    Advanced → Query Plan button Select this property to reveal the direct data map path that the Incorta Analytics Service uses to retrieve or calculate the measure

    Individual filter properties for a filter expression

    To filter individual rows for the stacked column insight, define an individual filter for the insight. You can add a column or a formula to the Individual Filter tray from the Data panel.

    Individual filter properties for a filter expression with a column as a pill

    Here are the properties for a filter expression for a column as a pill in the Individual Filter tray for a stacked column insight:

    Property Control Description
    Column fully qualified name label The fully qualified name of the selected column.
    Data → Column Label text box Enter the label for the measure
    Date Part drop down list When the filter column is a date or timestamp, select the part of the date used. The options are:
  • Full (default)
  • Year
  • Quarter
  • Month
  • Day
  • Operator drop down list Select the operator to use in the filter criteria
    Values multi-select Select the value(s) to evaluate the column value against. Some operators do not require a value to evaluate against, such as Null and True. If applicable, enter a string in the search bar to filter the list of values. To add a value to the list, enter it in the text box below the list and select +.
    Advanced → Disable Filter toggle Enable this property to disable the filter. Disabled filters are deleted when you save the insight.
    Individual filter properties for a filter expression with a formula as a pill

    Here are the properties for a filter expression for a formula as a pill in the Individual Filter tray for a stacked column insight:

    Property Control Description
    Formula label label The formula label
    Data → Column Label text box Enter the label for the measure formula
    Formula → Dynamic toggle Enable this property to select a filter expression session variable as a value
    Formula text box Disable Dynamic to configure this property. Enter the formula in the Formula Builder to create the filter expression.
    Operator drop down list Select the operator to use in the filter criteria
    Values multi-select Select the value(s) to evaluate the column value against, if required. Some operators do not require a value to evaluate against, such as Null and True. In the case that you enable Dynamic, select a filter expression session variable. If applicable, enter a string in the search bar to filter the list of values. To add a value to the list, enter it in the text box below the list and select +.
    Advanced → Disable Filter toggle Enable this property to disable the filter. Disabled filters are deleted when you save the insight.

    Aggregate filter pill properties for a filter expression

    You can define a filter expression that contains an aggregation or calculation using the Aggregate Filter tray.

    Note

    The Aggregate Filter tray is not available for a stacked column insight with a coloring dimension pill.

    Aggregate filter pill properties for a filter expression with a column as a pill

    Here are the properties for a filter expression for a column as a pill in the Aggregate Filter tray for a stacked column insight:

    Property Control Description
    Column Label text box Enter the name of the filter
    Date Part drop down list When the filter column is a date or timestamp, select the part of the date used. The options are:
  • Full (default)
  • Year
  • Quarter
  • Month
  • Day
  • Aggregation drop down list Select the aggregation type to use in the filter. The available aggregation types are:
  • Average
  • Count
  • Distinct
  • Median
  • Min
  • Max
  • Sum
  • None
  • Operator drop down list Select the operator to use in value comparison to the measure value.
    Values text box Select the comparison value to use in the filter, or enter a new value to use in the filter comparison.
    Disable Filter toggle Enable this property to disable the filter. Disabled filters are deleted when you save the insight.
    Aggregate filter properties for a filter expression with a formula as a pill

    Here are the properties for a filter expression for a formula as a pill in the Aggregate Filter tray for a stacked column insight:

    Property Control Description
    Column Label text box Enter the name of the filter
    Formula text box Enter the formula in the Formula Builder to create the filter expression.
    Disable Filter toggle Enable this property to disable the filter. Disabled filters are deleted when you save the insight.

    Settings panel

    With the Settings panel, you can configure additional properties for the stacked column insight. To open the Setting panel, in the Analyzer, select Settings (gear icon) in the Action bar.

    Property Control Description
    General → Max Rows Limit text box Enter the maximum number of categories to show on the x-axis. A value lower than the number of the insight query rows returned will restrict results. A value of 0 will include all rows.
    General → Logarithmic toggle Enable this property to display the x-axis on a logarithmic scale
    General → Auto Refresh toggle Enable this property to automatically update the insight when the underlying data is updated
    Layout → Rotation drop down list Select an angle to rotate the x-axis labels (categories) at. The options are:
  • Default (no rotation)
  • -45
  • -90
  • 45
  • 90
  • Layout → Legend toggle Enable this property to display the chart legend. The chart legend displays the values of the first pill in the Coloring Dimension tray, if any; otherwise, the legend shows the measure column label(s).
    Layout → Values toggle Enable this property to display measure values on the chart
    Layout → Total Values toggle Enable this property to display the total measure values on the chart
    Layout → X-Axis Labels toggle Enable this property to display the x-axis labels (categories)
    Layout → X-Axis Title toggle Enable this property to display the x-axis title (i.e. the label of the first grouping dimension pill)
    Layout → Y-Axis Labels toggle Enable this property to display the y-axis labels (values in the y-axis)
    Layout → Y-Axis Title toggle Enable this property to display the y-axis title (i.e. the label of the measure pill). This property is available when only one pill exists in the Measure tray.
    Layout → Y-Axis Min text box Enter a minimum numerical value for the y-axis
    Layout → Y-Axis Max text box Enter a maximum numerical value for the y-axis
    Advanced → Max Groups text box Set the maximum number of groups that cannot be exceeded in the insight
    Advanced → Join Measures drop down list Select Yes to calculate the group-by function across joined tables

    User interactions for a Stacked Column Insight

    As a dashboard consumer, you can interact with a stacked column insight on a dashboard tab. Some interactions will affect only the stacked column chart. Other interactions will affect both the stacked column chart and the dashboard. The creation of one or more dashboard runtime filters is an example of a user interaction that affects all applicable insights on all tabs of a dashboard.

    Note

    Some user interactions require specific configurations by a dashboard developer and therefore may not be available.

    Here are the possible types of user interactions for a stacked column insight:

    • Select a legend label to hide (and then show) the related vertical column
    • Select a vertical column to drill down into a grouping dimension and in doing so, create a dashboard runtime filter
    • Select a vertical bar to open the FFilter by menu and select a option to drill down into a grouping dimension and/or coloring dimension and in doing so, create a dashboard runtime filter
    • Select a dashboard tab to navigate to in the Go to menu
    Note

    A dashboard runtime filter that affects all applicable insights on all tabs of a dashboard. A dashboard runtime filter appears as a filter bar pill and displays the filter expression.

    More Options menu for a Stacked Column Insight

    Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) enforces access to certain features and functionality. With Discretionary Access Control (DAC), a user who owns the dashboard to control the access to the dashboard. Access rights include the ability to view, share, and edit the dashboard. Together, RBAC and DAC affect the available selections in both the Action bar and the More Options menu for an insight.

    In addition, certain tenant configurations by a Cluster Management Console (CMC) Administrator affect the available selections in the More Options menu for an insight.

    Download

    • For the stacked column insight, select More Options (⋮ vertical ellipsis).
    • Select Download.
    • Select the download file format:

      • PNG
      • JPEG
      • PDF
      • SVG

    View as Table

    The View as Table is an Incorta Labs feature and a tenant configuration. A CMC Administrator must enable the feature.

    In order to view a stacked column insight as a Listing Table or Aggregated Table, follow these steps:

    • For the stacked column insight, select More Options (⋮ vertical ellipsis).
    • Select View as Table, and then select the table type:

      • Regular
      • Aggregated

    When viewed as a Listing Table or Aggregated Table, you can download the previewed table as CSV or XSLX.

    Set Alert

    You can set an alert that identifies specific changes to a stacked column insight by defining a filter expression for a measure filter, individual filter, and/or aggregate filter.

    • For the stacked column insight, select More Options (⋮ vertical ellipsis).
    • Select Set Alert. Refer to the Scheduler document for additional information on Data Alerts.

    Steps to Create a Stacked Column Insight

    For an existing dashboard, to create a Stacked Column insight for a given dashboard tab, follow these steps:

    • If not already open, open a dashboard.
    • To add a new insight to the dashboard, in the Action bar, select +.
    • If needed, in the Analyzer, in the Data panel, select Add Data Set.
    • In the Manage Data Sets panel, select one or more business schema views and/or one or more physical schema tables.
    • To close the Manage Data Sets panel, select X or any other area of the Analyzer.
    • In the Insight panel, first select V.
    • In Charts, select the Stacked Column visualization.
    • From the Data panel, drag and drop various columns to various trays in the Insight panel:

      • Grouping Dimension
      • Coloring Dimension
      • Measure
      • Individual Filter
      • Aggregate Filter
    • Configure the pill properties using the Property panel or Filter panel.
    • Configure various insight properties using the Settings panel.

    Example of a Stacked Column Insight

    In this example, you will create a stacked column insight that compares revenue by product category per year. The example uses the SALES schema that comes with the Sample Data.

    Note

    In the Cluster Management Console (CMC), you can create a tenant that includes Sample Data. The Sample Data includes the SALES schema.

    Add an Insight

    • In the Action bar, select +.
    • In the Data panel, select Add Data Set.
    • In the Manage Data Sets panel, in Tables, select the SALES schema.
    • Close the Manage Data Sets panel.
    • In the Insight panel, under Charts, select Stacked Column.
    • From the Data panel, drag and drop the following columns to the respective tray:

      • From the Sales table, drag and drop Revenue to the Measure tray.
      • From the Sales table, drag and drop Year to the Grouping Dimension tray.
      • From the Product table, drag and drop Category to the Coloring Dimension tray.

    Edit the Pill Properties

    • Select the arrow to the right of Revenue to open the Properties panel.

      • For Format, select Dollar.
    • Name the insight Revenue By Product Category/Year.

    Edit the Insight Settings

    • In the Action bar, select Settings (gear icon).
    • In the Layout section, enable the Values toggle to display measure values on the stacked column chart.
    • Select Save.